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TAK-242

目录号 GC16148

TAK 242 is a toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling inhibitor. Binds to intracellular domain of TLR4. Inhibits LPS-induced cytokine production in vitro (IC50 values are 1.3, 1.3 and 3.2 nM for IL-6, TNFα and NO production).

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10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
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5mg
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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

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实验参考方法

Cell experiment [1]:

Cell lines

HEK293, HEK293-hTLR4/MD2-CD14

Preparation Method

HEK293 cells were cultured in DMEM supplemented with 10% heat-inactivated FCS, and 50 μg/ml gentamicin. HEK293-hTLR4 /MD2-CD14 cells were cultured in DMEM supplemented with 10% FCS, 10 μg/ml blasticidin, 50 μg/ml HygroGold, and 100 μg/ml Normocin. Cells were plated in a 96-well plate at a density of ~5 x 105 cells/well in RPMI 1640 supplemented with 10% FCS and incubated for 2 h at 37°C in a humidified incubator containing 5% CO2. Then the cells were washed with RPMI 1640 containing 10% FCS to eliminate nonadherent cells. TAK-242 was dissolved in N,N-dimethylformamide.

Reaction Conditions

HEK293 cells were transfected with expression vectors encoding FLAG-TLR4, MD-2, and FLAG-TIRAP or expression vectors encoding FLAG-TLR4, MD-2, and FLAG-TRAM. Six hours after transfection, the cells were incubated with various concentrations of TAK-242 (10, 100, 1000 nM) at 37°C.

Applications

TAK-242 inhibited the association of TIRAP with TLR4 and the association of TRAM with TLR4. TAK-242 also modulated the formation of the signaling complex containing the proximal elements in TLR4 signaling. TAK-242 also interferes with the interaction of TRAM and TLR4, inhibiting both NF-γB and ISRE activation and cytokine/interferon gene expression.

Animal experiment [2]:

Animal models

Male C57BL/6 mice, 6–8 weeks old, weighing 22–25 g

Preparation Method

C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to the LPS/D-GalN administration group and the TAK-242 + LPS/DGalN treatment group. Mice in the pretreatment group were injected with TAK-242 intraperitoneally 3h before mice were injected intraperitoneally with LPS (10 μg/kg)/D-GalN.

Dosage form

5 mg/kg

Applications

TAK-242 pretreatment improved LPS/D-GalN-induced FH in mice. Moreover, TAK-242 has anti-inflammatory effects in mice with concanavalin A-induced acute hepatitis. TAK-242 protected the liver by regulating MDSCs and the inhibition of TLR4 provided by TAK-242 significantly reduced the inflammatory response in FH.

References:

[1]. Matsunaga N, et al. TAK-242 (resatorvid), a small-molecule inhibitor of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signaling, binds selectively to TLR4 and interferes with interactions between TLR4 and its adaptor molecules. Mol Pharmacol. 2011 Jan;79(1):34-41.

[2]. Wang H, et al. Toll-like Receptor 4 Inhibitor TAK-242 Improves Fulminant Hepatitis by Regulating Accumulation of Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cell. Inflammation. 2021 Apr;44(2):671-681.

产品描述

TAK 242 is a toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling inhibitor. Binds to intracellular domain of TLR4. Inhibits LPS-induced cytokine production in vitro (IC50 values are 1.3, 1.3 and 3.2 nM for IL-6, TNFα and NO production). TAK-242 binds to the TIR domain of TLR4 via Cys747,[1] and inhibits MyD88 and TRIF-dependent pathway. Previous studies showed that TAK-242 prevented acute kidney injury and lung injury in LPS-injected sheep and mice. What’s more, TAK-242 has also been tested in a clinical trial of patients with sepsis and was found to be well tolerated. It is also researched to have the usage as a therapeutic strategy for endotoxemia-associated muscle weakness.[2]

In vitro study demonstrated that TAK-242 disrupts the interactions of TLR4 with its adaptor molecules, TIRAP and TRAM. TAK-242 inhibited the association of TIRAP with TLR4 and the association of TRAM with TLR4. The inhibitory effect of TAK-242 may result from the direct action of TAK-242 on TLR4 without requiring the induction of intermediate gene expression or de novo protein synthesis. Moreover, strong evidence was provided that TAK-242 modulates the formation of the signaling complex containing the proximal elements in TLR4 signaling. TAK-242 inhibited TIRAP mediated NF-γB activation and TRAM-mediated NF-γB and ISRE activation in the presence of TLR4/MD-2. In addition, TAK-242 also inhibited LPS-induced NF-γB and ISRE activations in HEK293-hTLR4/MD2-CD14 cells. These results indicated that TAK-242 impairs the ability of TLR4 to associate with adaptor molecules and blocks subsequent signal transduction.[1]

In vivo experiments indicated that TAK-242 effectively reduced the severity of acute liver failure and increased the survival rate of FH mice. Mechanistically, the hepatoprotective effect of TAK-242 was related to inhibiting inflammation, reducing oxidative stress, and increasing the proportion of MDSCs. Results suggested that TAK-242 is a potent TLR4 inhibitor and would be a potential drug to protect against acute liver failure.[3]

References:
[1]. Matsunaga N, et al. TAK-242 (resatorvid), a small-molecule inhibitor of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signaling, binds selectively to TLR4 and interferes with interactions between TLR4 and its adaptor molecules. Mol Pharmacol. 2011 Jan;79(1):34-41.
[2]. Ono Y, et al. TAK-242, a specific inhibitor of Toll-like receptor 4 signalling, prevents endotoxemia-induced skeletal muscle wasting in mice. Sci Rep. 2020 Jan 20;10(1):694.
[3]. Wang H, et al. Toll-like Receptor 4 Inhibitor TAK-242 Improves Fulminant Hepatitis by Regulating Accumulation of Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cell. Inflammation. 2021 Apr;44(2):671-681.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 243984-11-4 SDF
别名 Resatorvid;TAK242;TAK 242
化学名 ethyl (6R)-6-[(2-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfamoyl]cyclohexene-1-carboxylate
Canonical SMILES CCOC(=O)C1=CCCCC1S(=O)(=O)NC2=C(C=C(C=C2)F)Cl
分子式 C15H17ClFNO4S 分子量 361.82
溶解度 ≥ 18.091 mg/mL in DMSO, ≥ 100.6 mg/mL in EtOH 储存条件 Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

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Research Update

TAK-242 (resatorvid), a small-molecule inhibitor of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signaling, binds selectively to TLR4 and interferes with interactions between TLR4 and its adaptor molecules

Mol Pharmacol2011 Jan;79(1):34-41.PMID: 20881006DOI: 10.1124/mol.110.068064

TAK-242 (resatorvid), a small-molecule-specific inhibitor of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signaling, inhibits the production of lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory mediators by binding to the intracellular domain of TLR4. Cys747 in TLR4 has been identified previously as the binding site of TAK-242. However, the mechanism by which TAK-242 inhibits TLR4 signaling after binding to TLR4 remains unknown. The present study demonstrated, using coimmunoprecipitation, that TAK-242 interferes with protein-protein interactions between TLR4 and its adaptor molecules. Among 10 different human TLRs, TAK-242 selectively bound to TLR4. The time course of the inhibitory effect of TAK-242 on inflammatory mediator production corresponded to that of the binding of TAK-242 to TLR4. TAK-242 inhibited the association of TLR4 with Toll/interleukin-1 receptor domain-containing adaptor protein (TIRAP) or Toll/interleukin-1 receptor domain-containing adaptor protein inducing interferon-β-related adaptor molecule (TRAM) in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells overexpressing TLR4, MD-2, and TIRAP or TRAM, respectively. TAK-242 inhibited the TIRAP-mediated activation of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and the TRAM-mediated activation of NF-κB and interferon-sensitive response element in HEK293 cells stably expressing TLR4, MD-2, and CD14. The activation of endogenous interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase in RAW264.7 cells was also inhibited by TAK-242 treatment. These findings suggest that TAK-242 binds selectively to TLR4 and subsequently disrupts the interaction of TLR4 with adaptor molecules, thereby inhibiting TLR4 signal transduction and its downstream signaling events. This work proposes a novel paradigm of a small molecule capable of disrupting protein-protein interactions.

TAK-242, a specific inhibitor of Toll-like receptor 4 signalling, prevents endotoxemia-induced skeletal muscle wasting in mice

Sci Rep2020 Jan 20;10(1):694.PMID: 31959927DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-57714-3

Circulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS) concentrations are often elevated in patients with sepsis or various endogenous diseases related to bacterial translocation from the gut. Systemic inflammatory responses induced by endotoxemia induce severe involuntary loss of skeletal muscle, termed muscle wasting, which adversely affects the survival and functional outcomes of these patients. Currently, no drugs are available for the treatment of endotoxemia-induced skeletal muscle wasting. Here, we tested the effects of TAK-242, a Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-specific signalling inhibitor, on myotube atrophy in vitro and muscle wasting in vivo induced by endotoxin. LPS treatment of murine C2C12 myotubes induced an inflammatory response (increased nuclear factor-κB activity and interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor-α expression) and activated the ubiquitin-proteasome and autophagy proteolytic pathways (increased atrogin-1/MAFbx, MuRF1, and LC-II expression), resulting in myotube atrophy. In mice, LPS injection increased the same inflammatory and proteolytic pathways in skeletal muscle and induced atrophy, resulting in reduced grip strength. Notably, pretreatment of cells or mice with TAK-242 reduced or reversed all the detrimental effects of LPS in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, our results indicate that pharmacological inhibition of TLR4 signalling may be a novel therapeutic intervention for endotoxemia-induced muscle wasting.

TAK-242, Toll-Like Receptor 4 Antagonist, Attenuates Brain Edema in Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Mice

Acta Neurochir Suppl2020;127:77-81.PMID: 31407067DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-04615-6_13

Background: Brain edema is a common and critical pathology following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) activation may exacerbate brain edema. The purpose of this study was to clarify if TAK-242, a TLR4 antagonist, suppresses brain edema formation and neurological impairments after SAH in mice.
Methods: A total of 46 mice underwent endovascular perforation to induce SAH or sham operation and were classified as Sham+TAK-242, SAH+ phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and SAH + TAK-242 groups. The PBS or TAK-242 was administered intracerebroventricularly to mice at 30 min from the operation. Neurobehavioral tests, SAH severity, and brain water content were evaluated at 24 h from the operation.
Results: The SAH + PBS group was significantly worse in neurological tests (P < 0.001) and brain water content of the cerebral hemisphere in the bleeding side (p = 0.005) compared with the Sham+PBS group, while there were no differences between the SAH + TAK-242 and Sham+PBS groups. SAH severity in the SAH + PBS group was similar to that in the SAH + TAK-242 group.
Conclusions: Intracerebroventricular administration of TAK-242 possibly prevents neurological impairments at least via suppression of brain edema.

TAK-242 ameliorates contact dermatitis exacerbated by IL-36 receptor antagonist deficiency

Sci Rep2020 Jan 20;10(1):734.PMID: 31959814DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-57550-5

Loss-of-function mutations in IL36RN cause generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP), which is characterized by neutrophil-infiltrated lesions. Neutrophils are important during contact hypersensitivity in mice. However, it has never been determined whether interleukin-36 receptor antagonist (IL-36Ra) deficiency is an exacerbating factor in contact dermatitis. We examined whether a loss-of-function IL36RN mutation exacerbates contact dermatitis and evaluated the changes in contact dermatitis-related cytokines. Wild-type and Il36rn-/- mice were treated with 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitorobenzene (DNFB) and evaluated for ear thickness, histopathological features, numbers of infiltrated neutrophils, and numbers of CD4 + and CD8 + T cells. Furthermore, mRNA levels of contact dermatitis-related cytokines were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction, and effects of TAK-242, a toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibitor, on the contact hypersensitivity (CHS) response were evaluated. We found that the ear thickness, cytokine expression, and neutrophil infiltration significantly increased in Il36rn-/- mice compared with that in wild-type mice. TAK-242 alleviated CHS and prevented neutrophil infiltration, cytokine expression, and ear thickening in Il36rn-/- mice. These data indicate that Il36rn-/- mutations are an exacerbating factor for CHS and that TAK-242 can reduce the inflammatory responses that are associated with the CHS response.

TAK-242 ameliorates DSS-induced colitis by regulating the gut microbiota and the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway

Microb Cell Fact2020 Aug 6;19(1):158.PMID: 32762699DOI: 10.1186/s12934-020-01417-x

Background: The goal of the present study was to investigate the effects of TAK-242 on the gut microbiota and the TLR4/JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis.
Results: At the phylum level, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Epsilonbacteraeota and Proteobacteria were the primary microbiota in the five groups. TAK-242 treatment significantly enhanced Verrucomicrobia and Actinobacteria; significantly decreased Cyanobacteria, Epsilonbacteraeota and Proteobacteria; and particularly promoted the growth of Akkermansia. TAK-242 markedly alleviated DSS-induced colitis symptoms and colonic lesions by promoting IL-10 release, inhibiting IL-17 release, downregulating TLR4 and JAK2/STAT3 mRNA and protein expression and increasing JAK2/STAT3 phosphorylation.
Conclusion: TAK-242 modulates the structure of the gut microbiota in colitis and may be a novel therapeutic candidate for ulcerative colitis.