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Atrasentan hydrochloride 目录号 GC11783

Endothelin receptor antagonist

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.


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Kinase experiment:

Cells are incubated and treated with Atrasentan. They are then washed twice with PBS and lysed in ice-cold lysis buffer [20 mM Tris (pH 7.4), 150 mM NaCl, 1% Triton X-100, 1 mM EDTA, 1 mM EGTA, 2.5 mM sodium PPi, 1 mM β-glycerophosphate, 1 mM sodium orthovanadate, 1 μg/mL leupeptin, and 1 mM PMSF]. The extracts are centrifuged to remove cellular debris, and the protein content of the supernatants is determined using the bicinchoninic acid (BCA) protein assay reagent. Proteins (150 μg) are incubated with gentle rocking at 4°C overnight with immobilized Akt antibody cross-linked to agarose hydrazide beads. After the Akt is selectively immunoprecipitated from the cell lysates, the immunoprecipitated products are washed twice with lysis buffer and twice with kinase assay buffer [25 mM Tris (pH 7.5), 10 mM MgCl2, 5 mM β-glycerol phosphate, 0.1 mM sodium orthovanadate, 2 mM DTT] and then resuspended in 40 μL of kinase assay buffer containing 200 μM ATP and 1 μg GSK-3α/β fusion protein. The kinase assay reaction is allowed to proceed at 30°C for 30 min and stopped by the addition of Lamelli SDS sample buffer. Reaction products are resolved by 10% SDS-PAGE, followed by Western blotting with antiphosphorylated GSK-3α/β antibody. For analysis of the total amount of Akt, 40 μg of protein from the lysate samples are resolved by 10% SDS-PAGE, followed by Western blotting with anti-Akt antibody.

Cell experiment:

All three prostate cancer cell lines (LNCaP, C4-2b, and PC-3 cells) are seeded at a density of 3 × 103 cells per well in 96-well microtiter culture plates. After overnight incubation, the medium is removed and replaced with a fresh medium containing different concentrations of ABT-627 (0-50 μM) diluted from a 10-mM stock. After 72 h of incubation with drug, 20 μL of MTT solution (5 mg/mL in PBS) are added to each well and incubated further for 2 h. Upon termination, the supernatant is aspirated and the MTT formazan formed by metabolically viable cells is dissolved in isopropanol (100 μL). The plates are mixed for 30 min on a gyratory shaker, and the absorbance is measured at 595 nm on a plate reader.

Animal experiment:

YM598 (0.3, 1, and 3 mg/kg), atrasentan (0.3, 1, and 3 mg/kg), or 0.5% methyl cellulose as vehicle is orally administered to rats with a dosing cannula. Dosing volume of the test substances and vehicle is set at 5 mL/kg. Approximately 20 min after administration of compounds, the rats are anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital, and then pithed and ventilated 30 min after dosing. Approximately 1 h after oral administration of compounds, big endothelin-1 (1 nmol/kg) is intravenously administered, and blood pressure is measured. In these two experiments, the dose of test compound that cause 50% inhibition (ID50) of the big endothelin-1-induced increase in diastolic blood pressure is determined by linear regression analysis.


[1]. Yuyama H, et al. Superiority of YM598 over atrasentan as a selective endothelin ETA receptor antagonist. Eur J Pharmacol. 2004 Sep 13;498(1-3):171-7.
[2]. Banerjee S, et al. In vitro and in vivo molecular evidence for better therapeutic efficacy of ABT-627 and taxotere combination in prostate cancer. Cancer Res. 2007 Apr 15;67(8):3818-26.
[3]. Weiss J, et al. Interaction potential of the endothelin-A receptor antagonist atrasentan with drug transporters and drug-metabolising enzymes assessed in vitro. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2011 Oct;68(4):1093-8.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 195733-43-8 SDF
别名 ABT-627;ABT627;ABT 627;Abbott 147627
化学名 (2R,3R,4S)-4-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-1-[2-(dibutylamino)-2-oxoethyl]-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid;hydrochloride
分子式 C29H39ClN2O6 分子量 547.08
溶解度 Soluble in DMSO 储存条件 Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
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Description: IC50 Value: 0.0551 nM (for ET A receptor) [1] Atrasentan (A-147627) is an endothelin receptor antagonist being developed at Abbott Laboratories for the treatment of prostate cancer. in vitro: The combination of Atrasentan with Taxotere was more effective in the inhibition of cell viability and induction of apoptosis in LNCaP and C4-2b cells (androgen receptor positive) but not in PC-3 cells[2]. Atrasentan profoundly induced several CYPs and drug transporters (e.g. 12-fold induction of CYP3A4 at 50 μM). It was a moderate P-gp inhibitor (IC(50) in P388/dx cells = 15.1 ± 1.6 μM) and a weak BCRP inhibitor (IC(50) in MDCKII-BCRP cells = 59.8 ± 11 μM). BCRP or P-gp overexpressing cells were slightly more resistant towards antiproliferative effects of atrasentan [5]. in vivo: ABT-627 did reduce the accumulation of macrophages in both stains (36 to 53%) whereas it blocked by 76% the influx of eosinophils in Balb/c but not in C57Bl/6 mice [3]. Atrasentan was administered orally via drinking water at 3 mg kg-1 per day over 28 days. All diabetic mice developed similar hyperglycaemia (27-30 mmol l-1). Atrasentan treatment significantly improved left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in response to exogenous norepinephrine, but there were no differences between genotypes [4]. Clinical trial: Atrasentan and Zometa for Men With Prostate Cancer Metastatic to Bone . Phase2