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Amphotericin B 目录号 GC14092

amphipathic polyene antibiotic

规格 价格 库存 购买数量
10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
¥431.00
现货
50mg
¥473.00
现货

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

质量管理

Quality Control & SDS

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实验参考方法

Cell experiment [1]:

Cell lines

peritoneal macrophages; HEK293 cells expressing TLR2 and CD14

Preparation method

The solubility of this compound in DMSO is >46.2mg/mL. General tips for obtaining a higher concentration: Please warm the tube at 37℃ for 10 minutes and/or shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

Reacting condition

1, 2, and 4 μg/ml

Applications

In peritoneal macrophages from CD14 knockout mice (C57BL/6 CD14–/–) and CD14 wild-type (C57BL/6 CD14+/+) mice, Amphotericin B failed to induce the production of TNF-α in macrophages from CD14–/– mice. HEK293 cells expressing TLR2 and CD14 responded more strongly to Amphotericin B (1, 2, and 4 μg/ml).

Animal experiment [2]:

Animal models

hamster scrapie model

Dosage form

2.5 mg/kg; p.i. injection from 0 to 7 days

Application

In hamsters infected intracerebrally with scrapie, Amphotericin B significantly prolonged the survival time by 14.7 days.

Other notes

Please test the solubility of all compounds indoor, and the actual solubility may slightly differ with the theoretical value. This is caused by an experimental system error and it is normal.

References:

[1]. Sau K1,Mambula SS,Latz E,Henneke P,Golenbock DT,Levitz SM.The antifungal drug amphotericin B promotes inflammatory cytokine release by a Toll-like receptor- and CD14-dependent mechanism.J Biol Chem.2003 Sep 26;278(39):37561-8. Epub 2003 Jul 14.

[2]. Demaimay R1,Adjou K,Lasmézas C,Lazarini F,Cherifi K,Seman M,Deslys JP,Dormont D.Pharmacological studies of a new derivative of amphotericin B, MS-8209, in mouse and hamster scrapie.J Gen Virol.1994 Sep;75 ( Pt 9):2499-503.

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 1397-89-3 SDF
别名 N/A
化学名 N/A
Canonical SMILES CC1C=CC=CC=CC=CC=CC=CC=CC(CC2C(C(CC(O2)(CC(CC(C(CCC(CC(CC(=O)OC(C(C1O)C)C)O)O)O)O)O)O)O)C(=O)O)OC3C(C(C(C(O3)C)O)N)O
分子式 C47H73NO17 分子量 924.08
溶解度 ≥46.2mg/mL in DMSO 储存条件 Store at 2-8°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

产品描述

Amphotericin B, a polyene antifungal antibiotic, has been produced from a strain of Streptomyces nodosus with an IC50 of 0.028–0.290 μg/ml.

In vitro: Amphotericin B was the most effective drug for treating many life-threatening fungal infections. In cells expressing TLR2 and CD14, amphotericin B induced signal transduction and inflammatory cytokine release. In primary murine macrophages and human cell lines expressing TLR2, CD14, and the adapter protein MyD88, amphotericin induced NF-κB-dependent reporter activity and cytokine release, whereas cells deficient in any of these failed to respond. Cells with TLR4 mutation were less responsive to amphotericin B stimulation than cells expressing normal TLR4 [1]. Amphotericin B could interact with cholesterol, the major sterol of mammal membranes, thus limiting the usefulness of Amphotericin B due to its relatively high toxicity [2]. Low AmB concentrations (≤ 0.1 μM) induced a polarization potential in KCl-loaded liposomes suspended in an iso-osmotic sucrose solution, indicating K+ leakage. AmB (> 0.1 μM) allowed cations and anions movements. LPs suspended in an iso-osmotic NaCl solution and exposed to AmB (0.05 μM) exhibited a nearly total collapse of the negative membrane potential, indicated that Na+ entered into the cells [3].

In vivo: Amphotericin B prolonged the incubation time and decreased PrPSc accumulation in the hamster scrapie model. Amphotericin B markedly resulted in reduction of PrPSc levels in mice with transmissible subacute spongiform encephalopathies (TSSE) [4].

References:
[1]. Sau K1,Mambula SS,Latz E,Henneke P,Golenbock DT,Levitz SM.The antifungal drug amphotericin B promotes inflammatory cytokine release by a Toll-like receptor- and CD14-dependent mechanism.J Biol Chem.2003 Sep 26;278(39):37561-8. Epub 2003 Jul 14.
[2]. Barwicz J1,Tancrède P.The effect of aggregation state of amphotericin-B on its interactions with cholesterol- or ergosterol-containing phosphatidylcholine monolayers.Chem Phys Lipids.1997 Feb 28;85(2):145-55.
[3]. Ramos H1,Valdivieso E,Gamargo M,Dagger F,Cohen BE.Amphotericin B kills unicellular leishmanias by forming aqueous pores permeable to small cations and anions.J Membr Biol.1996 Jul;152(1):65-75.
[4]. Demaimay R1,Adjou K,Lasmézas C,Lazarini F,Cherifi K,Seman M,Deslys JP,Dormont D.Pharmacological studies of a new derivative of amphotericin B, MS-8209, in mouse and hamster scrapie.J Gen Virol.1994 Sep;75 ( Pt 9):2499-503.