|Indoxyl Sulfate (potassium salt) 目录号 GC43903|
Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.
|Cas No.||2642-37-7||SDF||Download SDF|
|化学名||3-(hydrogen sulfate), 1H-indol-3-ol, monopotassium salt|
|分子式||C8H6NO4S • K||分子量||251.3|
|溶解度||30mg/mL in DMSO or DMF||储存条件||Store at -20°C|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
Indoxyl sulfate is a metabolite of tryptophan derived from dietary protein. Tryptophan is metabolized by intestinal bacteria into indole, which is absorbed into the blood and then further metabolized to indoxyl sulfate in the liver, which is normally excreted in urine. In chronic kidney disease patients where renal function is compromised, indoxyl sulfate can accumulate in serum as a uremic toxin, inducing oxidative stress and accelerating progression of the disease.  Indoxyl sulfate at 250 µM can induce the activation of NF-κB, promoting the expression of both TGF-β1 and Smad3 expression in proximal tubular cells of rats, which is associated with profibrotic activity.
. Niwa, T. Uremic toxicity of indoxyl sulfate. Nagoya J.Med.Sci. 72(1-2), 1-11 (2010).
. Shimizu, H., Yisireyili, M., Nishijima, F., et al. Indoxyl sulfate enhances p53-TGF-β1-Smad3 pathway in proximal tubular cells. Am.J.Nephrol. 37(2), 97-103 (2013).