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Avibactam (sodium salt) 目录号 GC42883

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1mg
¥845.00
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5mg
¥3,809.00
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10mg
¥6,760.00
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25mg
¥12,675.00
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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

实验参考方法

Kinase experiment:

In a 200 μL reaction volume, 1 μM TEM-1 is incubated with and without 5 μM Avibactam for 5 min at 37°C and subjected to two ultrafiltration cartridge (UFC) steps to remove excess inhibitor (Ultrafree-0.5 with Biomax membrane, 5-kDa cutoff). Centrifugation at 10,600× g for 8 min is performed at 4°C. After each ultrafiltration step, 20 μL retentate are diluted with 180 μL assay buffer to restore the original enzyme concentration. After two UFC treatments, the amount of free Avibactam is quantified by liquid chromotography/MS/MS and found to be

Cell experiment:

Cells (~109 cfu) from overnight broth culture are spread on Mueller-Hinton agar supplemented with either (i) Ceftaroline plus Avibactam (1 or 4 mg/L) at 1-16× the MICs or (ii) Ceftaroline at 1 or 4 mg/L plus Avibactam at 1-8× the concentration needed to reduce the Ceftaroline MIC to 1 or 4 mg/L. Colonies are counted after overnight incubation and representatives are retained[2].

Animal experiment:

Mice[3]Avibactam is reconstituted in sterile water to a stock solution of 5,120 mg/L and further solution is prepared in Mueller-Hinton broth. Outbred female CD-1 mice, 7 to 8 weeks old and weighing 20 to 25 g, are used in the experiments. Eight dose combinations are used. For the thigh-infected animals, the combinations of GR20263 and Avibactam are 16/4, 8/1, 64/32, and 2/128 mg/kg. For the lung-infected mice, combinations of 32/16, 4/2, 128/8, and 1/64 mg/kg of the respective constituents are used. These combinations are chosen in order to detect possible pharmacokinetic interactions between the two compounds (GR20263 and Avibactam) and to cover a wide range of doses of each compound.

References:

[1]. Ehmann DE, et al. Avibactam is a covalent, reversible, non-β-lactam β-lactamase inhibitor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Jul 17;109(29):11663-8.
[2]. Livermore DM, et al. Characterization of β-lactamase and porin mutants of Enterobacteriaceae selected with ceftaroline + avibactam (NXL104). J Antimicrob Chemother. 2012 Jun;67(6):1354-8.
[3]. Berkhout J, et al. Pharmacokinetics and penetration of GR20263 and avibactam into epithelial lining fluid in thigh- and lung-infected mice. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Apr;59(4):2299-304.

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 1192491-61-4 SDF Download SDF
别名 AVE-1330A, NXL104
化学名 sulfuric acid, mono[(1R,2S,5R)-2-(aminocarbonyl)-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-6-yl] ester, monosodium salt
Canonical SMILES NC([C@H]1[N@@](C2)C(N(OS([O-])(=O)=O)[C@@H]2CC1)=O)=O.[Na+]
分子式 C7H10N3O6S•Na 分子量 287.2
溶解度 5mg/mL in DMSO, or in DMF 储存条件 Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

产品描述

Avibactam sodium (NXL-104) is a covalent and reversible non-β-lactam β-lactamase inhibitor which inhibits β-lactamase TEM-1 and CTX-M-15 with IC50s of 8 nM and 5 nM, respectively.

Avibactam (NXL104) sodium is a molecule with little antibacterial activity, that inhibits class A and C β-lactamases. Avibactam inactivates most important β-lactamases except metallo types and Acinetobacter OXA carbapenemases[2].

Avibactam sodium (NXL-104) displays a slow return of activity with an off-rate of 0.045±0.022 min-1, which converts to a residence time half-life (tt1/2) of 16±8 min. The measured off-rate for Avibactam suggests that slow deacylation through hydrolysis or reversibility is occurring, and it is in contrast to previously reported extremely long t1/2 values of >1 or >7 d for Avibactam inhibition of TEM-1[1]. Avibactam is a new promising β-lactamase inhibitor, to overcome resistance caused by β-lactamases. Mice are infected with ca.106 CFU of Pseudomonas aeruginosa intramuscularly into the thigh or intranasally to cause pneumonia and are given 8 different (single) subcutaneous doses of GR20263 and Avibactam in various combined concentrations, ranging from 1 to 128 mg/kg of body weight in 2-fold increases. The mean estimated half-life in plasma of GR20263 in the terminal phase is 0.28 h (SD, 0.02 h), and that of Avibactam is 0.24 h (SD, 0.04 h). Volumes of distribution are 0.80 liters/kg (SD, 0.14 liters/kg) and 1.18 liters/kg (SD, 0.34 liters/kg), respectively[3].

References:
[1]. Ehmann DE, et al. Avibactam is a covalent, reversible, non-β-lactam β-lactamase inhibitor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Jul 17;109(29):11663-8.
[2]. Livermore DM, et al. Characterization of β-lactamase and porin mutants of Enterobacteriaceae selected with ceftaroline + avibactam (NXL104). J Antimicrob Chemother. 2012 Jun;67(6):1354-8.
[3]. Berkhout J, et al. Pharmacokinetics and penetration of GR20263 and avibactam into epithelial lining fluid in thigh- and lung-infected mice. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Apr;59(4):2299-304.